Human life has time and again witnessed natural disasters; calamities and mishaps taking place that have taken the world by storm and have uprooted human life in a catastrophic manner. In such situations, the disaster management is extremely essential in order to save the lives of those that are left injured or to fend for them all alone. One of the most basic needs of all human needs is the need for food. During such emergencies which could be natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, etc or humans induced acts of violence or terror like political warfare or curfews which might lead one to hide or bunked up at one place at a stretch, the requirement for food becomes quintessential. Therefore one needs to be equipped and aware of the emergency food storage.
Dehydrated foods serve as the best for storing for a long period of time in case of emergency situation. Certain dehydrated and packed food items are known to have shelf life of around 30 years. The food could be stored in a cool and dry place with a constant temperature in order to retain it for a longer period of time. Basements are a good option to store food as they are at a constant temperature. Also care has to be taken that there are no electrical gadgets like freezers, refrigerators or coolers in this area as they radiate heat and would lead the food items to perish quickly as they would be exposed to different temperatures. One can also store food in unused bedrooms, unfinished rooms, under staircases or closets where the temperature is cool and the area should be moisture free as well.
Use airtight storage containers for saving food items in case of emergencies. There are buckets available with fitting lids with rubber gaskets, one can utilize those for storing food for a long period of time. Adding some bay leaves would help to store the items for a longer period. There are oxygen absorbers packets available as well as there are Mylar bags which can be sealed and thus help in emergency food storage.
Storing food even under proper conditions leads to loss in its nutritional value and a change in its taste, color or smell over a period of time. Every food item comes with a shelf life and these get over after a period of time which would lead to perishing of the food item. Care should be taken that the food items do not surpass their shelf life; because once they do they are no longer useful.
Wastage should be minimized in case of emergencies as there is limited supply of the food items. The food items also get marred due to exposure to insects, light, air, etc. Storing in tight containers and not exposing them to heat or light could help to retain their shelf life along with the nutritional value they offer. Also rotating the food storage would help to save food items for emergencies in an economical and savvy way. Survival of the fittest had been propagated which becomes the norm in emergencies and through effective, smart and planned ways one can face emergencies in a better way.