what are some things that can be done, both in the home and on a national level, that can mitigate the effects of an earthquake in a less developed country, such as india?
The incident I know about our country India. there was an earthquake of Richter scale 7.6 in India in the place Bhuj where we lost the life of about 100,000.Nearly ten times more energy( 31.7 times more energy for each Richter scale. ) was released from an earthquake that struck Japan about 3 years back ( 8 in Richter scale ) where they have reported only injury of 400 people. there are two mistakes I have noticed one and main thing is lack of awareness. next is we are not strict in maintaining the building code to with stand the quakes. I wrote several articles to create awareness on this. But no proper action was taken to educate the people. Here is a part of my article.PROTECTION DURING EARTHQUAKES
The following are some of the important precaution to be observed to save our life during an earthquake. even though we do not have fool proof system to fore warn earthquakes some of the changes in nature or in the behaviors of animals and birds may help to decide the situations.
Before an earthquake.
Have a battery powered radio, flash light, and first aid kids in your house ,
Make sure every one knows where they are kept ,
Learn first aid; teach how to stop electric main and gas supply ,
Don’t keep heavy objects in high shelves ,
Fasten heavy appliances to the floor, and anchor heavy furniture to the walls ,
Plan for your family for reuniting after an earthquake if anybody separated ,
Urge your school teachers to discuss earthquake safety in the class rooms, and ask them to conduct drills ,
Find out your office has an emergency plan, know your responsibility at your works during an emergency .
During an earthquake.
Stay calm if you are indoors, stay out if you are out of buildings. many injuries occur as people enter or leave the buildings.
If you are indoors , stand against the a wall near the center of the building, or get under a sturdy table keep some cushion on your head, Stay away from windows and outside doors, if you are in a high rise building stand against a support column.
If you are in outdoor stay in the open place , keep away from over head electric wires. and bridges,
Don’t use open flames, if you are in a moving vehicle stop away from over bridges and stay inside the vehicle still earthquake stops.
After an earthquake.
Check yourself and nearby people for injury, provide first aid,
Check electric and gas connection,
Turn on your radio or T.V for emergency instructions, reduce the use of phone lines it may be required for conveying some important messages.
Stay out of damaged buildings,
Wear chapels and gloves to protect against shattered glass and debris.
Stay away from beaches and water front areas where Tsunami could strike, even long after the shaking has stopped.
Have one earthquake alarm fixed in your house.
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