What are the mitigation of earthquakes?
Earthquakes are simple mitigation techniques for non-structural elements and contents of your home with interior wall studs and / or plans to reduce risks to life and investments. techniques of self-attenuation can be taken by homeowners using inexpensive hardware and materials found in hardware stores and home centers, where they are easy to explain and do not require special skillsimplement.
Why secure the contents of your home?
According to a study by the University of California at Los Angeles, 55% of injuries during the Northridge earthquake of 1994 were caused by falling furniture or objects, while only 1% of accidents were caused by buildings. More injury damages were caused by people falling or dangerous conduct. Many of these accidents could be avoided with simple measures taken before the earthquake. It is thereforemust get something in your house that is heavy enough to damage if it falls on you, or fragile and very expensive to be a great loss when falling. In addition, security features in your garage to reduce damage to vehicles. The benefits of mitigation of the earthquake are well beyond simply reducing financial losses, which will make your home more secure and help restore your family much more quickly to their normal lifestyle.
How to protect your homeContent?
Disaster mitigation techniques that follow are simple actions you can do today to protect yourself, your family and your investments in case of earthquake happens tomorrow.
Move cabinets and heavy in the house (eg libraries, hutches, entertainment centers, cabinets, etc.) from sofas, couches and other places where people sit and sleep, because they are very likely to fall when the ground is slippery andagitation.
Secure both top corners of all the heavy furniture in a stud wall (not just the drywall) to prevent them from falling on someone you love and save their content.
Flexible fasteners such as mounting earthquake straps or nylon webbing allows independent movement of furniture and swing high on the wall without falling, reducing pressure on prisoners. Commercial nylon strap kit is available in hardware stores, home centers, or shopping for the house asHome Depot, Lowe’s, a true value hardware Ace or Sears.
Another inexpensive option through 4 “in brackets, L-shaped and screws. In the case of libraries, 2″ corner clips can be used.
Toilets must also be attached to the ground with hooks, in addition to high assembly.
mobile shelving can also be achieved by applying earthquake putty on each corner bracket. Install latches on drawers and cabinet doors to keep contents from spreading. Place heavy objects on shelves or largeto prevent them from flying around the room during an earthquake.
Exercise equipment and ensure Pianos
exercise equipment secured by a screw clip on each corner and the mounting angle of the clip in the concrete floor by anchor bolts or drilling with wooden floor joists end delay.
Do not block doors or means of exit for evacuation in case of emergency. Keep the weight in a weight rack is fixed to the ground.
Flying heavy furniture such as pianos must be ensured byinstalling the floor and the wall with pins and bolts eye bungee cord or wire.
Home Electronics and Major Appliance Protection
Secure televisions, stereos, computers, microwaves and other electronic devices (which are expensive to replace) with flexible nylon straps and buckles for easy removal and relocation. Other options are to use Velcro ™ which has adhesive on the back, elastic cord, locks, latches leaves, or pads earthquake.
Lock the rollers (if present)large appliances like refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, washing machines and dryers that can move or tip over. apparatus using lashings or important safety belts and a minimum of 3 / 8 “screw eyes that are attached to the wall uprights. Ensure that withholding is situated in the upper half of the third unit to provide maximum resistance to overturning.
In the case of refrigerators, reach a wall bracket with lag screw to the wall of wood, a bolt of expansion for the concrete wall,metal screws or metal frame walls. Use a metal screw to secure the corner in the refrigerator. Align the angle of the blinds zee clip pin of the refrigerator and the clip to the ground.
Replace all rigid connections with flexible connectors and installing automatic shut-off valves for both gas and water supply system to further reduce the possibility of a burst water pipe or gas.
Secure objects on open shelves and tables
Move heavyobjects and fragile items to lower shelves.
Keep collectibles, pottery, lamps and other valuables bulk using sticky notes as non-injurious or Quake Hold ™ ™ Wax Museum are available at hardware stores or home centers.
Protection of galleys
unsecured doors fly open during earthquakes, which allows glass and dishes crashing to the ground. Many types of economic blocs are available to prevent this including child proof latches, hookand steady eyes, push latches, or take positive latches designed for boats.
To help prevent the circulation of the contents of cupboards, shelves online with rubber mats, it is usually sold in rolls in hardware stores. To protect stacked china plates, place a square of rubber mats between each plate of the stack.
Secure hanging objects
Do not hang heavy objects over beds and sofas, only soft items such as carpets or unframed posters.
Hang mirrors, pictures, and otherItems hanging on hooks closed so that it can not bounce off the walls. Their views may also be secured with earthquake putty as Quake Hold ™.
Secure ceiling lights, ceilings, chandeliers and plants to the hooks closed pole cap that can be detected by a detector amounts available in hardware stores and home centers.
Securing Windows and glass doors
If you’re planning a window replacement in the near future, replace windows withTempered glass (glass-like car) that is less likely to be split into sharp shards.
If your budget does not allow the replacement of windows, an inexpensive option is to install a protective film with a thickness of 4 mil within Windows, which can be purchased at any home improvement store.
Protection of hazardous chemicals in the garage and laundry
Store paints, gasoline and other flammable liquids away from gas waterwater heater.
Move flammable or hazardous materials to lower shelves that are safe, or put them on the ground.
Make sure items stored above or beside vehicles can not drop, damage or block them.
Wrap fragile bottles of hazardous materials with foam or rubber tires, or replacing glass containers with unbreakable container.
Ensuring water, gas pipes
Ask a plumber to assess and replace rusted or worn properly protected water and gas lines and replaceconnections with rigid gas stoves, dryers and other gas appliances with flexible (corrugated) stainless steel gas connectors.
The butterfly valves gas valves to stop the individual devices, which block the flow of gas in the event of a catastrophic loss, are also available for use with flexible couplings.
Secure water heaters and gas appliances
Approximately one quarter of the fires after an earthquake is related to leakage of natural gas due to gas appliances (water heaters, dryers, stoves,kilns, ovens) are not anchored to the ground or walls, or hose.
Past experience shows that earthquakes boiler is particularly worrying. Unsecured water heaters often fall, the interruption of water, hard and gas connections.
The water heater must be fixed to the wall studs or masonry with two metal straps of thick (plumbers tape is no longer recommended) and screws up and down of latetank.
reinforcement kit (including strapping, lag screws, washers, bolts, spacers and tension) are available in hardware stores, home centers, or shopping for the home.
Have a plumber install flexible (corrugated) copper water connectors.
Remember to check the straps once a year, why can loosen due to vibration.
Strengthen your hot water tank would cost $ 20 to $ 200. Remember that replacing a heater after an earthquake can cost more than $ 500, whilerepair fire damage or flood damage can cost thousands of dollars, including the cost of your home!
Knowing where the water main and the gas valves are so that you, your spouse, or a young person (s) may be turned off in case of losses.
The earthquake in 2010, Haiti is a wake-up call to anyone who lives in a seismically active region as a veteran to the risk to life and investment, establishing a plan for the preparation of earthquakewhich include among other things, content security, hosting the amounts of internal walls and / or floors. Earthquake Mitigation measures will make your home more secure and help restore your family much more quickly to their normal lifestyle. In the U.S., these seismic regions include, but are not limited to Alaska and the western coast particularly in California, particularly the states in the Midwest, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee in the New Madrid and WabashValley seismic zones and the area of Charleston in South Carolina.
Learn how to secure the contents of your home, including illustrative figures and photographs are available at http://hubpages.com/hub/earthquake-preparedness-and-securing-the-contents- of-your house-